Athlete Ally Calls on World Rugby to Adopt Transgender Inclusive Participation Policies

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

Contact: Taylor Carr/ [email protected]

Athlete Ally Publishes Open Letter to World Rugby Calling for Update to Transgender Participation Policies

Nearly 375 members of the international rugby community joined Athlete Ally in an effort to make rugby inclusive for transgender athletes.

New York (November 1st, 2017) – Today, Athlete Ally, and nearly 375 members of the international rugby community call on World Rugby to stand with its transgender athletes and immediately adopt the International Olympic Committee’s 2015 policies related to the participation of transgender athletes in the sport.

Current World Rugby policies require transgender athletes to undergo a series of unnecessary, expensive, and sometimes unwanted surgical, medical, and legal barriers just to compete in the sport. The current policy mirrors the 2003 Stockholm Consensus, which the International Olympic Committee has since overturned, stating “to require surgical anatomical changes as a pre-condition to participation is not necessary to preserve fair competition and may be inconsistent with developing legislation and notions of human rights”.

“Sport should be a place of equal access, experience and opportunity, — regardless of gender identity or sexual orientation,” said Hudson Taylor, founder and executive director of Athlete Ally. “Current World Rugby policies do little but demean and exclude an entire group of athletes who wish to participate in the sport they love.”

Across the world, other sports federations have created affirmative policies for transgender athletes, and there has never been a reported case of these guidelines causing harm or being abused. Organizations such as the International Swimming Federation, World Archery, World Curling Federation, World Badminton Federation, and the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) have adopted policies that mirror the International Olympic Committee’s 2015 consensus guidelines. These updated policies allow athletes to play on the team consistent with their gender identity, given their hormone levels are within the established equitable range of the gender in which they wish to compete as.

The current outdated World Rugby policies are having detrimental consequences on transgender athletes around the world. Athletes like Jean Kim, a Fordham University student and transgender female whose life was literally saved when she found rugby. Now, she’s barred from officially competing. Today, Jean has partnered with Athlete Ally to tell her story, and ask Rugby’s governing body to accept and include her in the sport she loves.

“At one of the darkest moments of my life, Rugby at Fordham provided me with a community and family that gave me the hope to live,” said Jean Kim, a transgender rugby player at Fordham University. “Today, I partner with Athlete Ally in an effort to ensure that transgender rugby players around the world are able play the sport they love, and aren’t excluded for the sole reason of living their authentic life.”

Until World Rugby aligns with the International Olympic Committee’s 2015 guidelines, transgender athletes around the world will miss out on experiencing the joys of rugby. The global community this sport impacts deserves to play this sport authentically, wholeheartedly, and without fear of discrimination.

The open Letter reads as follows:

Dear World Rugby,

We the undersigned members of the athletic community call on World Rugby to stand with its transgender athletes and immediately adopt the International Olympic Committee’s 2015 Policies[1] related to the participation of transgender athletes in the sport.

World Rugby’s mission, vision, and values are ideals we share. We too believe in the core values of integrity, respect, solidarity, passion, and discipline. It’s because of those shared values that we write to you today. Due to your current policies pertaining to transgender athletes, World Rugby is failing to live up to these values, and is failing to lead its community. You are shutting the door on skilled athletes and talented coaches. You’ve created an atmosphere that excludes an entire community of willing participants – and that’s not the culture we envision World Rugby leading.

Current World Rugby policies require transgender athletes to undergo a series of unnecessary, expensive, and sometimes unwanted surgical, medical, and legal barriers just to compete in the sport that they love[2]. The current policy mirrors the 2003 Stockholm Consensus, which the International Olympic Committee has since overturned, stating “to require surgical anatomical changes as a pre-condition to participation is not necessary to preserve fair competition and may be inconsistent with developing legislation and notions of human rights”.[3]

World Rugby policies are built on principles that claim it is “A Sport For All” and a sport built on principles such as “Respect”[4]. Requiring athletes to choose between their gender identity and their sport is counter to everything for which sport stands. This is discrimination, but it can easily be remedied.

Sports federations have already created affirmative policies for transgender athletes, and there has never been a reported case of these guidelines causing harm or being abused. Organizations such as the International Swimming Federation, World Archery, World Curling Federation, World Badminton Federation, and the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) have adopted policies that mirror the International Olympic Committee’s 2015 consensus guidelines. These updated policies allow athletes to play on the team consistent with their gender identity, given their hormone levels are within the established equitable range of the gender in which they wish to compete as.

Until World Rugby aligns with the International Olympic Committee’s 2015 guidelines, transgender athletes around the world will miss out on experiencing the joys of rugby. We respectfully request that World Rugby immediately update their policy for transgender athletes, and align themselves with the 2015 IOC Consensus. Transgender athletes can’t wait and neither can the sport of rugby. The global community this sport impacts deserves to play this sport authentically, wholeheartedly, and without fear of discrimination.

Sincerely,

  1. Jean Kim, New York Rugby Club
  2. Kate Byrne, The Village Lions RFC
  3. Victoria Wheeler, Sam Houston State University club women’s rugby
  4. Evi Ashenbrucker, New York Rugby Club (player), KIPP NYC High School Boys (coach)
  5. Caroline Scott, Tulane University Women
  6. Angela Corpus, Village Lions – play; Fordham Women’s Rugby – coach
  7. Erika Kocher, Village Liins RFC
  8. Molly Root, Boulder Babes Rugby
  9. Paige Bramblett, College of Charleston’s Women’s Rugby Club
  10. Stephanie Fisher, San Antonio Riveters (player), BASIS San Antonio North Central (coach)
  11. Kristin Raphel
  12. Sarah Vlasak
  13. Lindsay Clifford , SJFC
  14. Yoshi Shapiro, NYRC
  15. Ashley Gilbert
  16. Brianne Gilbert
  17. Gabriella Rivera, University of New Mexico
  18. Emily Magee, NYRC: player, PLAY RUGBY: coach
  19. Theresa Cassano, Village Lions
  20. Robin Foss, SLO Beaches
  21. Sara Dechance, San Luis Obispo Women’s Rugby
  22. Alanna Shelley, San Luis Obispo Women’s Rugby
  23. Allison Brombach, University of Alabama WRFC
  24. Meagan Blocker, Central Michigan Women’s Rugby
  25. Emmarie Etheridge, Village Lions
  26. Julianna Wiggins
  27. Julia Lisi, Carleton College Women’s Rugby
  28. Sara Almidany, Women’s rugby UNM
  29. Jessica Premet, USF women’s rugby coach and Tampa Krewe women’s rugby player
  30. Taiana Ospina
  31. Helen Moser, New York City
  32. Erika Granger, New York Rugby Club
  33. Ingrid Lyons
  34. Yesenia Negron, Union Rugby
  35. Shannon McNamara , Minnesota Valkyries Rugby Club
  36. Alessandra Youth, Fordham University
  37. Melanie Pastuck, New York Rugby Club
  38. Nathan Lee, San antonio womens – the riveters
  39. Shashana Markus, SFGG Rugby
  40. Megan Banford, Village Lions RFC
  41. Gissela Van, The Village Lions
  42. Jessica Isaacs, Circle City Tempests
  43. Holly Cuozzo, San Antonio Riveters
  44. Michelle Kwandham, San Antonio women’s rugby
  45. Sierra Cutler, Village Lions RFC
  46. Aurora Conry, Illiana Screaming Banshees
  47. Christina Kukla , Illiana Banshees
  48. Abigail Froelich , Illiana Banshees
  49. Stephen McAllister, NYC Touch
  50. Nick Spade, Fort Wayne Women’s Rugby
  51. Casey McCullough, SLO Women’s Rugby
  52. TG (Brittany) Tietje, Youngstown Steel Valley Rugby Club, women’s team
  53. Maggie Mouratides, Illiana Rugby – Banshees
  54. Brandalyn Watts, D2 Atlanta Harlequins
  55. Julie Ngo, University of New Mexico
  56. Paiton daniel, Illiana Banshees
  57. Yesenia Herrera, Illiana Banshees
  58. Shannon Steelman , Rowan University, Colby College
  59. Precious Cummings , New York Rugby
  60. Essence “Chip” Bell, Ohio Elite, W1823, Scioto Valley, Tiffin Univ., Stars Rugby 7s
  61. Kate Newton, San Luis Obispo Women’s Rugby Team
  62. Jess Lee, SA Womens – The Riveters
  63. Rico Garcia, Village Lions
  64. Cara Goad, Chicago Women’s Rugby
  65. Andrea Villanova, New York Rugby Club
  66. Kerry Conlin, New York Rugby Club
  67. Katherine Ailshire, no team affiliation
  68. Hailey Billitier, Village Lions
  69. Emily Hsieh, USA Rugby Referee, Brown University, Beantown
  70. Brit Fryer, Gotham Knights
  71. Shelby Veazey, Princeton Athletic Club
  72. Jenna Wertz, Budd Bay Bandits
  73. Kayla Adderley, Western Washington University Women’s Rugby, St. Paul’s Academy
  74. Desiree Williams, Play for the Budd Bay Bandits, coach Budd Bay Steelheads
  75. Abby Rios, County Will Morrigans
  76. Dasante Browne, University of New Mexico
  77. Ezra wagoner, Chuckanut Bay rugby
  78. Maggie McLaughlin, Budd Bay Bandits Rugby
  79. Jenn Hightower, Norfolk Storm
  80. Caitria Sands, Quinnipiac Women’s Rugby
  81. Noel keyes, Chuckanut Bay Rugby
  82. Cassandra Schultz, Winona State Black Katy’s
  83. Sydnie Lee, Chuckanut Bay Rugby Club
  84. Meaghan Stuke, Budd bay bandits
  85. Alexis Howell, Emerald City Mudhens
  86. Abigail Cook, Quinnipiac
  87. Laura Boccadoro, Darien high school club sport
  88. Richard Gallina, Play & Organizational President
  89. Javier Sanz, Village lions
  90. Anna Harootunian, no team affiliation
  91. Kim Benigsohn, no team affiliation
  92. Keith Friedlander, Village Lions
  93. Racheal Pederson, Chuckanut Bay Rugby Mussels
  94. Liz McSpedon2, no team affiliation
  95. Kristen Guernier, Village lions
  96. Francois Fay, Village Lions RFC
  97. JJ Darling, Village Lions
  98. Lena Silberman, Cal poly women’s rugby team
  99. Morgan Moulis, SLO Beaches
  100. Kelly Brown, St. Louis Sabres Women’s Rugby
  101. Lena Ezell, St. Louis Sabres
  102. Jack Holtzman, St. Louis Sabres Rugby Football Club
  103. Sarah Newton, Sabres St. Louis Womens Rugby Club
  104. Elizabeth Crotty, St. Louis Sabres
  105. Shelby Lin, NYRC
  106. Blossom Booth, Carleton College
  107. Sradha Patel, University of New Mexico Women’s Rugby
  108. Kayla Potter, STL Sabres
  109. Elijah Lacap, SFU Rugby
  110. Eli Morrow
  111. Joe D
  112. Luke De Gregorio
  113. Jamie King, HSU Jacks
  114. Mary Haedrich, Fordham
  115. Sarah Barber, Nashville Women’s Rugby Football Club (Stone Lions)
  116. Alexis Laraway, Former Collegiate Rugby Player
  117. Calvin Terris
  118. Sarah Bogdan, Village Lions
  119. Sarah Minahan, NYRC
  120. Katarzyna Laczny, SFU Rugby
  121. Vanessa Ryan, Fordham women’s rugby club
  122. Skylar Neil, NYRC
  123. Rowe Galt
  124. Nancy Scuri, NYRC
  125. Emily Cronin, Rochester Renegades
  126. Illeen Diplan, Brockport badgers
  127. Amanda Miller, Rochester Renegades
  128. Vivian Smith, Fox valley vixens wrfc
  129. Lauren Patterson, Bay Area Rugby Club
  130. Darian Hallbauer, University of New Mexico
  131. Patricia Adams, Fresno State Women’s Rugby
  132. Elizabeth Kirkman, Budd Bay Bandits
  133. Riley Bradford, ADFA Rugby Club, ACT, Australia
  134. Rachel Valdez, Play San Antonio women’s
  135. Victoria Spencer, Louisville Women’s Rugby Club
  136. Abbie Oswalt, Kansas Bison
  137. Ben Wagner, Lawrence Bison
  138. Bianka Martinez, UIC Rugby
  139. Janie Sparks, Kansas women’s Jayhawks Rugby and the Kansas City Roller Warriors
  140. Rebecca Haight, Quinnipiac
  141. Jennifer Robles, NIU
  142. Codi Fletcher, SUNY Plattsburgh
  143. Yejadai Dunn, Beantown
  144. Kasch Meier, Smith College
  145. Amanda Fins, Union county women’s rugby club
  146. Paige Gallagher, Union county women’s rugby club
  147. Mara Friedman, Rutgers women’s rugby
  148. Tia Thompson, Hawaii Titahz
  149. Angela Corpus, Play – Village Lions RFC; Coach – Fordham University Women’s Rugby
  150. Ashley Barranzuela, Union County Women’s Rugby
  151. Nicole Myers, Swilers Rugby
  152. Cassie Kennedy, Newfoundland Rugby
  153. Jacqueline Silva
  154. Raichle Johnson, Rutland Rugby Club/University of Maine at Farmington
  155. Taylor LeFevre, Rutland Women’s Rugby
  156. Sarah Weinman, Rutgers University Women’s ice hockey
  157. Caroline Lucy, Fordham Women’s Club Rugby
  158. Lauren C, Monadnock Wolfpack RFC
  159. James Johnston, Village Lions
  160. Stephanie Diu, Princeton University and Village Lions
  161. Hannah Rash
  162. Denisse Zambon, Old Blue, Norwich University
  163. Bryn Friedenberg, Penn Women’s Club Rugby
  164. Lis Gallant
  165. Barbara Pennington, Rutland Rugby Club
  166. Kai Zook
  167. Elizabeth Peralta-Reed
  168. Adesuwa Wilson-Iguade, Rutgers Women’s Rowing
  169. Coryelle Pondy, Yale University
  170. Stephanie Greenlaw, Dallas Harlequins
  171. Dylan Jacobs, Santa Barbara Rugby Academy
  172. Eugene Aiken, Village Lions RFC
  173. Tiara Mack, Providence Rugby
  174. Tosan Tutse-Tonwe, Viral Rugby
  175. Alexis Thompson, UPenn Women’s Rugby, Phoenixville Women’s Rugby
  176. Catherine Nacier, Brown University
  177. Emma Gallagher, Swilers RFC
  178. Gabriella Moore
  179. Taisha Vargas, Western Connecticut State University Women’s Rugby
  180. Ari Ray, Village Lions RFC
  181. Emma Gardiner, Baydogs
  182. Tracy Hawkins, Mount College girls rugby, Papamoa Bulldogs, Ngongotaha Netball
  183. Hannah Frank, University of Pennsylvania Women’s Rugby
  184. Jenn Hightower, Norfolk Storm
  185. Arielle Thomas
  186. Ruth Phelps, Purdue University Women’s Rugby
  187. Mason Johnson, Quinnipiac
  188. Jay McFadden, Purdue Women’s Rugby
  189. Kirstin Kulich, New Zealand All Blacks
  190. Tristan Pickett
  191. Christina Henderson, Rutland Ravens Rugby
  192. Abby Moon, Purdue Rugby
  193. Christine Thomas, Purdue Women’s Rugby club
  194. Kate Brady, Purdue Women’s Rugby club
  195. Corina Hendren, Union Mudturtles
  196. Michelle Jones, Yale Women’s Rugby
  197. Angela Henderson, YWRFC
  198. Kelsey Morgan, NL ROCK RUBGY / Swiler club
  199. Khristina Hanchett, Betterside Women’s rugby
  200. Nick Lyons
  201. Zach Sutton
  202. Cameron Fear, Brandeis women’s and Needham high school girls
  203. Willie Cabral, Nashville Grizzlies
  204. Heath Martin, Oregon Sports Union (ORSU)
  205. JJ Darling, Village Lions
  206. Avery Salermo, Union County Women’s Rugby
  207. Nick Literski
  208. Kylie Tito, Waimana
  209. Linsey Organ, San Luis Obispo Women’s Rugby Club
  210. Ian Chaplin, Brighton & Hove Sea Serpents RFC
  211. John Deptford, Liverpool Tritons RUFC
  212. Simon Clark, Liverpool Tritons
  213. Thomas Moorhen, Liverpool Tritons
  214. Jonathan Price, Liverpool Tritons
  215. Dara Squires, Dog’s Rugby
  216. Kiana Edmond, Charleston Hurricanes
  217. Chloe Anderson, UCSC banana slugs
  218. Jennifer Cortez, Union County Women’s Rugby
  219. Carl Williams, Cardiff Lions RFC
  220. Anthony Policastro, RPI ’09-14
  221. David Clarke, Gotham Knights RFC
  222. Robert Greenawalt, Village Lions RFC
  223. Rachel Perler, Yale Women’s Rugby
  224. Carl Williams, Cardiff Lions RFC
  225. Jo Hayes, Village Lions
  226. Ryan Neill, Gotham Knights
  227. Robert Greenawalt, Village Lions
  228. K. Amaro, San Fernando Valley
  229. Lewis Barnes, Gotham Knights
  230. Alison Berk, Charleston Hurricanes
  231. Pia Kahle, Rugby Welfen Braunschweig
  232. Kofi Opam, Philadelphia Gryphons
  233. Holly Dollimont, Newfoundland U18 team
  234. Kayla Halleran, Newfoundland U18 team
  235. Ann-Kathrin Kirschner, Göttingen (GER)
  236. Kimiora Ngatai, Rangataua Rugby
  237. Chris Collins, Washington Renegades RFC
  238. Michael Foley, Seattle Quake RFC.
  239. Jenna Mega, Danbury Rugby
  240. Sofia Rudin, Brown University
  241. Grace Hanson, Budd Bay
  242. Valerie Bank, Seattle Saracens
  243. Hannah Johnson, Seattle Saracens
  244. Venice Wong, Used to play for the Seattle Breakers
  245. Meghan Childs, Baymen Rugby & HSH Rugby
  246. Kelly Lyon
  247. Michael Kengmana, Gotham Knights
  248. Nicole Carroll, Monmouth Renegades
  249. Magnus Borsini
  250. Kara Morgan, Indianapolis women’s rugby football club(Hoydens)
  251. Katherine Henry, Beantown Rugby
  252. Nathan Colom, Dunfermline RFC/ Manchester Village Spartans RFC
  253. Patrick Button, Crescent City Rougaroux RFC
  254. Russell Kingaby, Brighton and Hove Sea Serpents RFC
  255. Michael Donatz, Gotham Knights RFC
  256. Adam Wide, President- the Berlin Bruisers RFC
  257. Erik Schoonhoven, ARC Amsterdam Lowlanders
  258. Nina Corda, Union60 Bremen Rugby
  259. Sophie Brakemeier, Rugby Union Marburg
  260. Mikel Aristegui, Berlin Bruisers
  261. Leighton Cheal, Berlin Bruisers RFC
  262. Frederic von Verschuer, Berlin Bruisers
  263. Colin Comfort, Berlin Bruisers RFC
  264. Guillaume Carpentier, Berlin Bruisers RFC
  265. Guillermo Aguilar, Berlin Bruisers
  266. Dries Vanelstlande, Straffe Ketten RFC
  267. Alexander Panasuk, Berlin Bruisers
  268. Josh Sanders, Berlin Bruisers RFC
  269. Christopher Moore, Berlin Sports Club Rugby
  270. Amanda Parker, Fordham women’s
  271. Monica VanBuskirk, Glendale Raptors
  272. Alice Plant, Atlanta Harlequins
  273. Liz Berridge, Village Lions Women
  274. Lola Hourihane, Yale Women’s Rugby
  275. Kerry Shields, Fordham University
  276. Oliver Samuels, DRFC
  277. Mike Geibel, Eckerd College
  278. Haylie Samsrl, Referee
  279. Sabrina White, Fordham University
  280. Jessica Kurtz
  281. David Achilles, Columbus Kodiaks RFC
  282. Eni Katrini, Fordham University
  283. Adam Falk
  284. Lauren Baron, Penn women’s rugby football club
  285. Claire Rhee, Alumna of Brown University
  286. Alan Silver, Lumberjacks
  287. Kevin Rohde, Lumberjacks
  288. Kieran Holohan, Village Lions
  289. Helix Holman, Lumberjacks
  290. Orla maclean, Cornell University
  291. Robin Kaluzniak
  292. Mike Patterson, Markham Irish Canadians
  293. Steve Darnell, University of South Carolina Rugby
  294. Lilith South, UGA Women’s Rugby Football Club
  295. Katie Peterson, UGA Women’s Rugby Football Club
  296. Mary Howard, UGA Women’s Rugby Football Club
  297. Jennifer Barto, UGA Women’s Rugby Football Club
  298. Lee chapman, Bend Lady Roughriders
  299. Margaret Pierce, UGA Women’s Rugby Football Club
  300. Mackenzie Doolittle , Chicago Dragons Rugby Football Club
  301. Rachel Wright, University of Surrey
  302. Michael Cohen, Washington Renegades RFC
  303. Emma Noble, Gotham Girls Roller Derby
  304. David Zimmerman, Elgin River Rats, Larkin H.S.
  305. Richard Every, USA Rugby
  306. Casey Morrison, Champlain college
  307. Natasha Lesnefsky, Nashville Women’s Rugby Football Club
  308. Leann Bauer, Morris Rugby
  309. Lindsey Stanek, Tulane Women’s Rugby
  310. Jackie White, ORSU Rugby
  311. Amanda Gargano, Danbury Women’s Rugby
  312. Shelby Abdilah, DC Furies
  313. Annie Rumler, Columbia Bombshells Women’s Rugby
  314. Kay Wilson, Columbia Bombshells Women’s Rugby
  315. Alison Berk, Charleston Hurricanes Women’s Rugby/ Charleston Youth Rugby
  316. Jordyn Ashlock, West Linn Rugby
  317. Hannah Hoover, Tulane University Women’s Rugby
  318. Katherine Bitgood, Morris Women’s Rugby (NJ)
  319. Avery Johnson, ORSU Rugby
  320. Jacob Wingert, Milwaukee Rugby Football Club
  321. Amanda Brower, Monmouth Women’s Rugby
  322. Beth Kaltenbach, Monmouth Women’s Rugby
  323. Sian Parker, Monmouth Women’s Rugby
  324. Ivy, Monmouth Women’s Rugby
  325. Kate Benedit, Monmouth Women’s Rugby
  326. Rayne Trouwborst, Monmouth Women’s Rugby
  327. Meagan Donovan, Monmouth
  328. Srob Oberman-Breindel, New York Rugby Club
  329. Maria Guerra, Union County Women’s Rugby
  330. Gabriela Mobtoya
  331. Victoria Steele, Union County Women’s Rugby
  332. Chloe Giannone, Monmouth Rugby
  333. Nicole lamparelli, Fairfield Yankees Rugby
  334. Angela Francisck, Fairfield Yankees Rugby
  335. Yeny Olivas, Fairfield Yankees Rugby
  336. Kimberly Semiglia, Old Blue Womens Rugby
  337. Corinne Heavner, Old Blue/Penn State
  338. Francesca Sands, Old Blue and Dartmouth
  339. Caitria Sands, Old Blue Womens Rugby
  340. Sarah Buonopans, Old Blue Womens Rugby
  341. Katherine Ramage, Old Blue Womens Rugby
  342. Gabriella Cantorna, Old Blue Womens Rugby
  343. Bernard Cantorna, State College HS
  344. Danielle Walko-Siua, Old Blue
  345. Ladaejah Adams, New York Rugby Club Highschool Girls
  346. Mahdia Parker, New York Rugby Club
  347. Shandale Ricketts, New York Rugby Club
  348. Jennifer Salomon, Old Blue Rugby
  349. Samantha McGann, New York Rugby Club
  350. J Branson Brown, Blue Ridge Bootleggers Rugby Football Club
  351. Angelica Owen, Life University Rugby
  352. Lauren Dodd, Life University Rugby
  353. Darian Lovelace, Life University Rugby
  354. Jessi Purawic, Penn State Rugby
  355. Robyn Mertz
  356. Alix Coleman, Penn State Rugby
  357. Cassie Stockhausen, Downingtown High School Girls Rugby
  358. Gianna Solomon, Penn State Rugby
  359. Sofie Mota
  360. Lucian Jessel
  361. Madison McCormick, PSU
  362. Azniv Nalbandian, Penn State
  363. Margaret Carly, Penn State Rugby
  364. Alex Weisser, Penn State Rugby
  365. Emily Barton, Penn State Rugby
  366. Tara Pieper
  367. Donna Kinsey
  368. Emma Cassidy, Fordham University Women’s Rugby
  369. Katie Sayer, Penn State Rugby
  370. Brie Barto, Penn State Rugby
  371. Julie Gould, Ventura County Women’s Rugby Club
  372. Yoshi Shapiro, New York Rugby Club
  373. S Gavis-Hughson, Yale Rugby

[1]From IOC Consenus Meeting on Sex Reassignment and Hyperandrogenism, November 2015, https://stillmed.olympic.org/Documents/Commissions_PDFfiles/Medical_commission/2015-11_ioc_consensus_meeting_on_sex_reassignment_and_hyperandrogenism-en.pdf

[2] From World Rugby’s Player Welfare Guide: Gender Identity Disorder and Disorders of Sexual Differentiation Policy, March 2010, http://www.irbplayerwelfare.com/?documentid=1

[3]From IOC Consenus Meeting on Sex Reassignment and Hyperandrogenism, November 2015, https://stillmed.olympic.org/Documents/Commissions_PDFfiles/Medical_commission/2015-11_ioc_consensus_meeting_on_sex_reassignment_and_hyperandrogenism-en.pdf

[4] From the World Rugby Charter, http://laws.worldrugby.org/?charter=3